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Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem
ESV Study Bible
Why did the Samaritans believe and get baptized, but did not receive the Holy Spirit? (Romans 8:9)
■Who is the Holy Spirit?
Divine Attributes of the Holy Spirit
■eternal Heb 9:14
■omnipresent – Ps 139:7-10
■omniscient – 1 Cor 2:10-11
■omnipotent – Luke 1:35-37
■holy – Rom 1:4
■What does the Holy Spirit do?
Personal Actions of the Holy Spirit
■The Spirit comforts – John 12:26; 14:16,26; 15:26; 16:7
■The Spirit teaches – John 14:26; 1 Cor 2:13
■The Spirit speaks – Acts 8:29; 13:2
■The Spirit makes decisions – Acts 15:28
■The Spirit grieves over sin – Eph 4:30
■The Spirit overrules human actions – Acts 16:6-7
■The Spirit searches the deep things of God and knows the thoughts of God – 1 Cor 2:10-11
■The Spirit determines the distribution of spiritual gifts – 1 Cor. 12:11
■The Spirit interprets and brings human prayer before the throne of the Father Rom 8:26-27
■The Spirit assures believers of their adoption – Rom. 8:16
■The Spirit bears witness to and glorifies Christ – John 15:26; 16:14
■How do we receive the Spirit?
Believers before Christ ascended had an Old Testament understanding of God:
Baptism of the Holy Spirit
Acts 2:1-6 a one-time unique inauguration of the Holy Spirit
Acts 19:1-7 an incomplete understanding
History of the Samaritans
a Samaritan Pentecost, witnessed and authenticated by the leaders of the Jerusalem church
The question remains, how do we receive the Holy Spirit?
Ephesians 1:3-14 – when we heard and believed the Gospel
1 Corinthians 12:12-13 – believers are unified through the Holy Spirit
■What does it mean to be filled with the Holy Spirit?
Acts 2:4; 4:8, 31;
Being filled with the Holy Spirit is not like bucket filled with water which cannot contain any more. A better analogy is filling a balloon; the partially-inflated balloon is filled with air, but more can be added.
Ephesians 5:15-19 – be under the influence of the Holy Spirit